The name Strelitzia was given to honour Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III of England. 1987. The immature seeds are edible and tasty. It prefers rich, moist soils with good drainage in full sun to part shade. Looking to buy Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana? The flowers provides nectar that attracts sunbirds, especially Olive Sunbirdsand Grey Sunbirds. It needs a … This is one of the very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. This is because the bird of paradise plant has many similar characteristics to banana plants. The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. Birds or bananas–those are lofty names indeed. Natal flora Publication. Cape Town. Trees of Natal. Natal wild banana (Strelitzia nicolai). 2), Joffe, P. Easy Guide to indigenous Shrubs. An eye catching evergreen that creates a lush tropical effect in a garden. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). Mildly toxic if ingested . By Geoff Nichols. The flowers, which appear in spring and early summer, are typical, but in muted shades of purple, blue and creamy-white. Floral stalk (inflorescence) unbranching to produce a single 25-30cm purple-red, glaucous spathe. Giant White Bird of Paradise or Wild Banana Strelitzia nicolai is the Giant Bird of Paradise, a towering mass of tropical foliage. Wild banana; white bird of paradise. Family: Strelitziaceae Genus: Strelitzia. SA Tree No: 34. Summer. The stem is woody and smooth in texture. Strelitzia nicolai is an eyecatching evergreen, effective throughout the year and is useful for creating a lush, tropical effect. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. Plant height (including pot) 90-100cm; 120-130cm . The large Leaves, in 2 opposite vertical rows, are sheathing at the base. Strelitzia nicolai; Quantity . Strelitzia nicolai, commonly known as the giant white bird of paradise or wild banana, is a species of banana-like plants with erect woody stems reaching a height of 6 m (20 ft), and the clumps formed can spread as far as 3.5 m (11 ft). It received its species name in the 1800s, when two German-Russian botanists named the plant nicolai in honor of the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaievich, son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia. These tear in the wind and come to resemble giant feathers. Origins and Meanings of Names of South Africa. Strelitzia Strelitzia. General Size: Small. The entire flower can be as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) high by 45 cm (18 in) long, and is typically held just above the point where the leaf fan emerges from the stem. Once planted out this plantis fast growing. She was from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. S. alba -. Adds height and drama to mixed plantings, indoors or out. Jacana Publishers. It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. It also looks good contrasted with evergreen lawns and shrubs. Multi-stemmed, the tree grows in dense clumps and the long leaves are arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. It can grow up to 30' tall, clumping to form a jungle on its own. Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. Flowers are followed by triangular seed capsules. Keep seedlings in a shady spot for the first season. It withstands salty coastal winds, making it a good feature plant or screen for coastal gardens. 19cm; 35cm Discover our great prices today. The 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)-long leaves are grey-green and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems, similar to Ravenala madagascariensis. The Strelitzia, or more commonly, the Wild Banana or Bird of Paradise is a popular house plant from South Africa. 1), 1–270(pt. Trees of South Africa. The Natal Wild Banana (Strelitzia nicolai) grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Wild Banana | Strelitzia Nicolai R 189.95 Shipping calculated at checkout. Scientific Classification. The inflorescence is compound (more than one flower). It is easy to care for and its stately presence and striking flowers make it a popular choice for those wanting a statement plant. Grant, R and Thomas, V. 1998. Struik Publishers. The leaves are grey-green up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long and arranged like a fan at the top of the stems. Click here to register. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly grown both indoors and outdoors as well, in the case of warmer climates. UCT Publishers. Moeketsi LetselaWitwatersrand National Botanical Gardenwith additions by Yvonne ReynoldsJune 2002, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. Anyone that has lived or holidayed on the KwaZulu-Natal coast in South Africa has to have noticed this plant. Sappi Tree Spotting Kwazulu-Natal. List of species of southern African plants. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Not registered yet? Strelitzia nicolai Regel & Koern. Perfect for large containers or tropical themed borders. Attached to the stem by long, thick leaf stalks are the enormous, opposite leaves that are shiny and grey-green, with blades capable of reaching up to 2m in length. It can be used to offset hard landscaping, buildings and pools etc. Finally, Caesalpinia pulcherrima and Erythrostemon gilliesii belong to the pea family Fabaceae, while Strelitzia is a member of the birds-of-paradise plants family, Strelitziaceae. It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden. The leaves are large and oblong in shape, measuring up to 1.5m in length, they are borne on long stems up to 2m tall. Van Wyk, B and Van Wyk, P. 1997. There has been some confusion over which Nicholas the specific epiphet honours, but original description in Garden flora states that the name nicolai is in honour of Grand duke Nikolai Nikolaievich the elder, third son of Czar Nicholas I of Russia, and not for the Czar. To grow from seed remove the orange arils and sow seed in a mixture of equal parts river sand and compost. The entire flower can be up to 7.2 inches (18 cm) tall, up to 18 inches (45 cm) long and is typically held just above the … Frogs and ducks often shelter in the clumps along rivers for protection. The tree flowers throughout the year with a peak in spring-summer. Strelitzia nicolai. Please read text! Durban. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. Pet/baby safe. White bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) —A stunning example of a tall indoor house plant with white and blue flowers. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. This is one of the very few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. It is wind resistant which makes it very suitable for coastal gardens. They are produced mostly in autumn and winter, March to July. Uses. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. Pooley, E 1993. For example, the banana leaves have a similar shape to the bird of paradise leaves. Plant Type: Tree. Strelitzia nicolai, on the other hand, refers to the Wild Banana, aka the Giant White Bird of Paradise. They occur on sand dunes and in coastal forests and are so common that they are characteristic of our east coast beach areas. Cape Town. Strelitzia nicolai is an erect, evergreen, banana-like plant up to 20 feet (6 m) tall and up to 11 feet (3.3 m) wide, with erect, woody stems. Surprisingly it will even survive it a large pot for several years, and this may be the best way to grow it if you have a patio or small garden. The Natal Wild Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide. Species. Used for rope, seeds are ground into flour and made into patties which are roasted, do not plant near walls. Evergreen perennial, indoor. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals and a bluish-purple "tongue". : 34. Color: White and bluish Bloom Time: Fall to winter. Taken in my garden, Sheffield, Ballito, South Africa. Cover with a thin layer of compost and keep moist. Plants require many years of growth before they begin blooming. It grows in evergreen forest, gorges, and on slopes along the rivers. Mountain strelitzia (Strelitzia caudata) —Also called the “wild banana,” grows outdoor and has white, spiky flowers. Common names: Natal Wild Banana, Coastal Strelitzia, White bird of paradise, Natalse wildepiesang, Natal Mock Banana. Works well for screening unwanted views or defining boundaries. The Natal wild banana is evergreen and creates a lush, tropical effect in the garden. Bird of Paradise White Wild Banana Strelitzia Nicolai Seeds. The dark, glossy leaves are attractive even when flowers are not present. It will live happily in shade or sun. The flowers of this tree have white sepals with blue petals and consist of 5 purplish blue, boat-shape sheaths.The whole flower resembles the head of the bird, with a white crest and purple beak. Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia family) Natal Wild Banana (E) Natalse Wildepiesang (A) aNgude (X) iNkamanga (Z) Native to Southern Africa Palm, tree Tree no. The plant tolerates light frost. 1990. It is popular as an indoor plant in the huge office blocks of the city. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of Strelitzia nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common names. The Natal wild banana is fairly drought tolerant, but it does not tolerate severe frost, so plant it in a protected spot inland. Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). [2][3], Strelitzia nicolai is among the few plants which have been verified to contain the pigment bilirubin, which is usually found in animals. Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. Plant type. The easiest way to propagate this tree is from root suckers, but it will also grow from seed. The inflorescence is composed of a dark blue bract, white sepals, and a bluish-purple "tongue". Packet of 10+seeds.. Common names: Natal wild banana, (E); Natalse wildepiesang (A); isigude, igceba, inkamanga (Z); ikhamanga, isigude, isigceba (X). These banana-like plants with true stems may be low growing or tree-like. A large tropical plant with long, arching leaves. Strelitzia nicolai is commonly known as the Wild Banana, as this plant offers very similar foliage to banana. The flower of the Natal Wild Banana is a typical Crane Flower inflorescence, up to 500 mm long. Login to add your Comment Evergreen Full sun Semi frost tolerant Medium water requirements Fast grower Attracts birds Attracts insects. Eco-Gardening with Strelitzia nicolai. Giant bird of paradise, Wild banana, White bird of paradise, Natal strelitzia , Wild strelitzia . Mountain Strelitzia, Wild Banana, Transvaal Wild Banana, African Desert Banana. Vervet and Samango monkeys feed on the soft part of the flowers as well as on the orange aril of the seeds. Strelitzia nicolai. Jackson, W.P. A crown of banana-like leaves atop a palm tree trunk, combined with huge, uniquely beautiful flowers, is deserving of the name, "Bird of Paradise tree." Description. It produces showy foliage and flowers which resemble birds, hence the common name Giant Bird Of Paradise. Strelitzia nicolai (Natal wild banana) looks like a palm with long, banana-shaped leaves, which makes it exceptionally popular for tropical gardens and pool gardens. Nursery pot size. Family: Strelitziaceae (Strelitzia or Crane flower family). Here I am offering Seeds from Strelitzia nicolai, also known as Giant Bird of Paradise, Natal Strelitzia, Wild Banana, and Wild Strelitzia. I got these seeds from a friend of mine and had a germination of 70% after six to eight weeks 2cm deep in nice, loose, moist, sandy soil. However, Strelitzia is more closely related to Ravenala, the Madagascar plant known as the Traveler’s Palm. Flower. Propagation is via division of clumps, offsets and from seed. Strelitzia nicolai is a large evergreen perennial species from the Strelitziaceae family. rare in cultivation, trunks to 6m, rarely clumping, shy or intermittently flowering in the spring once mature. Natal Wild Banana. Although not related to the true bananas or the wild banana Ensete ventricosum, the leaves and growth habit of S. nicolai are somewhat similar and probably account for the common name. Related to the bird of paradise flower (Strelitzia regina ), this close cousin is a much larger plant forming huge clumps of stems to 30 feet in comparison to S. regina's 3 to 4 feet height. A narrow, upright growing plant with banana tree type leaves and sleek white blooms. [6] In favourable conditions they self-seed freely, and their invasive root systems are best kept away from buildings.[7]. 2003, "Animal Pigment Bilirubin Discovered in Plants", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Strelitzia_nicolai&oldid=983097919, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 06:45. Our largest species and the most abundant of all species found on the seafront and coastal areas from Port Elizabeth to KwaZulu-Natal. Strelitzia in USA. The seeds are black in colour, with a tuft of a bright orange woolly aril on the lobe. It is light to dark grey and marked with old leaf scars. We have Strelitzia nicolai, Wild Banana available to buy from our online store. This great big ornamental tree is a real beauty. It will grow in semi-shade or full sun and requires a moderate amount of water, composted soil and space to spread. The Natal wild banana grows mostly in coastal dune vegetation and in evergreen forests near the coast. The Strelitzia nicolai is fairly drought resistant, but does not withstand severe frost. leaf stem (petiole) to 1m, leaf blade to 60cm wide by 2m long. It grows in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and up into Mozambique towards Zimbabwe. Yes. Leaf stalks are dried and used to make a rope for building fish kraals and huts. Strelitzia alba also known as white-flowered wild banana, or Cape wild banana is a plant of the Bird of Paradise family and is endemic to the Garden Route along the southernmost coastal regions of the district of Humansdorp Eastern and district of Knysna in Western Cape in South Africa. It is an evergreen tree with multi-stems that form dense clumps. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known Crane Flower, Strelitzia reginae. It is also considered native to Mozambique, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and is reportedly naturalized in eastern Mexico (State of Veracruz).[5]. Nickname. Birds and blue duiker also feed on the flowers. S. nicolai is restricted to evergreen coastal forest and thicket of eastern South Africa from the Great Fish River northwards to Richards Bay. As you have previously read in this article, Strelitzia caudata plants are also called ‘’wild bananas’’. It can reach 8 m in height and forms dense clumps up to 3 m wide. Johannesburg. It is a common feature of the coastal vegetation from East London northwards. Natal Wild Banana Strelitzia nicolai . Flowering time: Spring. The root system is aggressive,however, so don't plant it too close to structures and paths. Air purifying. Briza Publications. The other two species, S. reginae and S. Nicolai (wild banana or giant white bird of paradise) are popular ornamental and house plants. This is a tall, striking foliage plant related to the well-known crane flower, Strelitzia reginae. [4], Strelitzia nicolai is one of three larger Strelitzia species, the other two being tree-like S. caudata and S. alba. Genus. To honour Queen Charlotte, the Madagascar plant known as the Traveler ’ s.. In Florida and California, upright growing plant with Banana tree type leaves and sleek white blooms Strelitzia was to! Nicolai R 189.95 Shipping calculated at checkout Banana grows up to 12m high and 4m wide the and. 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