Before its withdrawal, monocrotophos was a Restricted Use Pesticide (RUP) (127). Currently, monocrotophos is mostly used to grow cotton," Dileep Kumar, programme coordinator in Pesticide Action Network, said. Methyl parathion, but not monocrotophos, is available in the United States to licensed pesticide applicators. Track Your Order ; Register Now. Monocrotophos appears as colorless crystals with a mild ester odor, commercial product is a reddish-brown solid. Pesticides in Agriculture â A Boon or a Curse? Seed germination assay demonstrated that monocrotophos had negative effect on the germination of Vigna radiata seeds and degraded metabolites had no effect on seed germination. November 12, 2020; Uncategorized Due to the use of monocrotophos, an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 were killed in Argentina 1995 (Woodbridge, 1996) 4.2.4 Bees It is particularly effective against Lepidoptera, Homoptera, and certain Coleoptera. Wenn Sie Schläfrigkeit, Schwindel, Hypotonie oder Kopfschmerzen als Nebenwirkungen spüren, wenn Sie Monocrotophos Medikament einnehmen, dann wird es vielleicht nicht sicher sein, ein Fahrzeug zu fahren oder Schweraschinen zu bedienen. Currently, monocrotophos is mostly used to grow cotton," Dileep Kumar, programme coordinator in … The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have encouraged countries to phase out highly hazardous pesticides. [2], Monocrotophos is believed to be the contaminant responsible for the death of 23 schoolchildren in a Bihar, India school. All the studies were validated in human samples from the villages in Madurai. Insecticides registered for agriculture use (Page No. These are used to kill or repel pests like rodents (rodenticides), insects (insecticides), weeds (herbicides) and fungi (fungicides). Abstract Human exposure to monocrotophos, an organophosphate pesticide, could occur due to its high use in agriculture to protect crops. monocrotophos used on crops like Cotton, Paddy, Black gram, Green gram, Red gram. 64 to 66). Patil works hard on his farm to produce the best yield. Introduction Use of Monocrotophos in India Mainly it is used for agricultural purposes for pest management. Hence B. diminuta has great potential for degradation of monocrotophos and converted from toxic form to non-toxic compounds. … (1-3) Use: - Monocrotophos (azodrin, nuvacron )an organophosphorus pesticide (IUPAC name dimethyl (E) 1-methyl-2-methylcarbamoyl) vinyl phosphate), is widely used in agriculture to control sucking , chewing and boring insects on a wide range of crops. Nerve growth factor (50 ng/ml) induced functional differentiation in PC12 cells has been reported. The main use of monocrotophos is for foliar application to cotton. The Science of the Total Environment, 132 (1993) 371-380 371 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam Mutagenie and carcinogenic pesticides used in the agricultural environment of Gaza Strip J.M. Carcinogenic Effects: Monocrotophos is not carcinogenic in rats at 0.45 mg/kg/day, the highest dose tested. It also affect organs such as skin, eyes and central nervous system of human. A significant induction in reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxides, and the ratio of glutathione disulfide/reduced glutathione was observed in cells exposed to selected doses of monocrotophos. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Impact of pesticide and its metabolites on seed germination of Vigna radiata and cytotoxicity among zebra fish embryo tested displayed differently. Executive summary.  Monocrotophos is used for the effective control of Bagworm Caterpillars in oil palm plantations. Introduction:-Monocrotophos is widely used for agricultural practices, because of its high effectivity and relatively low price. Mitochondria mediated apoptosis induction was confirmed by the increased activity of caspase cascade. Up Next ‘Banning monocrotophos will need nod from agriculture ministry’ Doctors remove 18 kg tumour in 4 hours; Indo Rama workers move HC over housing scheme row Degradation of Monocrotophos were extracted, separated by thin layer chromatography and confirmed by FTIR analysis. Patil works hard on his farm to produce the best yield. Insecticides registered for household use (Page No. Monocrotophos ist nicht mehr patentgeschützt und wird lizenzfrei von mehreren Firmen produziert. Animals administered Monocrotophos exhibited mild hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in the blood. Control Union Certifications was instructed by the Danish Energy Agent to conduct an Evaluation of initiatives taken by United Plantations to phase out Monocrotophos. Aphid, Leaf hopper and Thrips, Gray weevil, Bollworms, Brown Plant Hopper, Green leaf Hopper, Leaf roller/foder, Pod borer, Plume mouth India's No.1 Online AGRI SHOP! Quarterly Newsletters, Asia and Pacific Plant Protection. Methyl parathion, but not monocrotophos, is available in the United States to licensed pesticide applicators. Impacts of pesticide on soil bacteria, plants and animals have been thought by many people but experimental data are scanty. 4. User is Active Now. Methyl parathion, but not monocrotophos, is available in … Soil bacteria are able to mellow down the toxic effect of monocrotophos applied on the soil by converting in to lesser toxic metabolites. They are used in public health management to eliminate disease carrying vectors like mosquitoes. Monocrotophos is an organophosphate pesticide and widely used to protect crops like rice, sugarcane, groundnut, tobacco, maize, cotton, soybean, vegetables, etc.,. Monocrotophos is one of the organophosphate in- secticides widely used for the control of agricultural pests in Thailand, as reported from Agricultural Regu- latory Division, Bangkok. The use of Monocrotophos. Sign In. Present study aimed at assessing the toxicity of monocrotophos on both plant and animal with reference to green gram seed germination and embryo development of zebra fish respectively. From The Blog Home » Blog » Uncategorized » monocrotophos is used for. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The Monocrotophos is one of the organophosphorus insec- changes in the gills were characterized by epithelial ticides extensively used in agriculture and animal hus- hyperplasia, aneurism, epithelial necrosis, desquamation, bandry (Rao 2004). 67 to 70). noun An organophosphate insecticide, acutely toxic to birds and humans Inc. 1991 (Feb. 25). 12th Floor, Kailash Business Park, Ghatkopar Powai Link Road, Vikhroli (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. agricultural practices, because of its high effectivity and relatively low price. Neither monocrotophos nor oxyde metonmethyl figure in the list of pesticides scheduled to be banned. ... Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Used as a fast acting insecticide with both systemic and contact action against a wide range of pests on cotton, sugar cane, tobacco, potatoes, peanuts, tomatoes, and ornamentals. Monocrotophos (Ref: ENT 27129) Last updated: 04/03/2020 (Also known as: azadrin; corophos; OMS 834) GENERAL INFORMATION: Description: Used … Thus the findings of this preliminary study illustrate the cardiotoxic effect of prolonged monocrotophos intake in rats and suggest that MCP can be a possible independent and potent environmental cardiovascular risk factor. 2.4.1 Cotton Monocrotophos is registered for the control of aphids, Helicoverpa spp. Open Mobile Menu. FAO (1985c) Guidelines on good labelling practice for pesticides. Monocrotophos (an OP) which is a systemic and contact broad-spectrum cholinesterase inhibitor is being widely used in India.  It is approved for use by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board and currently there are no effective alternatives. (eggs and larvae), jassids, looper, mites, rough bollworm, tipworm (small … However, it is also used frequently as a tool to commit suicide. Kalyani Industries Ltd. Mumbai, India ... More. These apoptotic changes could be correlated with elevated levels of expression of selected cytochrome P450s (CYP1A1/1A2, 2B1/2B2, 2E1) in PC12 cells exposed to monocrotophos (10−5 M). But, on Tuesday (March 6), when the agriculture ministry told the Lok Sabha that pesticides have killed 272 farmers in the last four years in Maharashtra, no promises of reforms were made. United Plantations operates in accordance with Good Agricultural Practice and has Introduction:-Monocrotophos is widely used for. "If you decide to ban 10 percent of the most lethal pesticides in the country at the moment, monocrotophos will be one of them," Jayakumar said. Phoskill -Monocrotophos 39%SL Insecticide for major crops covers Aphids Bollworms Grey weevil Jassids Thrips Whitefly Mealy bug Shoot borer Stalk borer. They used monocrotophos as the prototypical organophosphate in their study and showcased that during chronic intake, monocrotophos is degraded by the gut microbiota and the end products are converted to glucose via gluconeogenesis that account for glucose intolerance. The use of monocrotophos in South Africa is now prohibited. Monocrotophos production in India The total reported national production of Monocrotophos in India ranged between 8121 metric tonnes in 2003-04 to 5118 metric tonnes in 2007-08. "The substance was banned in 2005 in India for use on vegetables. 11 different bacteria were isolated from agriculture soil. Energy use in Agriculture and food processing is high; hence, mechanization is essential to reduce the level of drudgery especially in the local processing factories and mills. It is particularly effective against Lepidoptera, Homoptera, and certain Coleoptera. But somehow, it is still used for non-food products." In India, however, monocrotophos continues to be produced, used and exported. Used as a fast acting insecticide with both systemic and contact action against a wide range of pests on cotton, sugar cane, tobacco, potatoes, peanuts, tomatoes, and ornamentals. Monocrotophos is registered for agricultural use only and according to the current labels and the performance questionnaires the major uses are in cotton, lucerne, potato, sorghum, soybean, tobacco, tomatoes and commercial flower crops. Introduction. However, it is also used frequently as a tool to commit suicide. Decision N. 159/MINAGRI of 21 June 2004 that bans the use of active ingredients in the production of plant protection products for agricultural uses states in article one that the import, the production and the conditioning of Monocrotophos in order to place it on the market are prohibited, as well as its use in agriculture. The regulation under the Fertilizers, Farm Feeds, Agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act, 1947 (Act No. Among 11 bacterial isolates, isolate AM2 exhibiting better monocrotophos degradation and more tolerance to 300 mg L-1 concentration of monocrotophos and able to degrade completely after 10 days of exposure. Insecticides combination registered for agriculture use (Page No. Standard preparation . monocrotophos 久效磷. The histopathology of the heart tissue authenticated the monocrotophos induced tissue damage by showing signs of nonspecific inflammatory changes and edema between muscle fibres. In Fish embryo toxicity test, monocrotophos causes deformities while development of zebra fish embryo and degraded metabolites of monocrotophos had no negative impacts. Monocrotophos is registered for agricultural use only and according to the current labels and the performance questionnaires the major uses are in cotton, lucerne, potato, sorghum, soybean, tobacco, tomatoes and commercial flower crops. Introduction. Up Next ‘Banning monocrotophos will need nod from agriculture ministry’ Doctors remove 18 kg tumour in 4 hours; Indo Rama workers move HC over housing scheme row This fact sheet provides information on the production of monocrotophos, uses and usage, acute toxicity, chronic effects, key health issues, fate in the environment, effects on wildlife, residues in food, pest resistance and ways to reduce operator exposure. The use of organophosphate pesticides (OPs) in agricultural practices in India has gained popularity due to their broad spectrum, low cost and high potency. Following the exposure of PC12 cells to monocrotophos, the levels of protein and mRNA expression of caspase-3, caspase-9, BAX, p53, p21, PUMA, and cytochrome-c were significantly upregulated, whereas the levels of Bcl-2, Bcl-w, and Mcl-1 were downregulated. [8], 3-Hydroxy-N-methylcrotonamide dimethylphosphate, Monocron, InChI=1S/C7H14NO5P/c1-6(5-7(9)8-2)13-14(10,11-3)12-4/h5H,1-4H3,(H,8,9)/b6-5+, InChI=1/C7H14NO5P/c1-6(5-7(9)8-2)13-14(10,11-3)12-4/h5H,1-4H3,(H,8,9)/b6-5+, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, death of 23 schoolchildren in a Bihar, India school, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Use of monochrotophos for suicide attempts", The poison pill in India's search for cheap food, Children Die from Tainted Lunches at Indian School Accessed 21/08/2016, "Gut microbial degradation of organophosphate insecticides-induces glucose intolerance via gluconeogenesis", Monocrotophos Induced Apoptosis in PC12 Cells: Role of Xenobiotic Metabolizing Cytochrome P450s, Octamethylene-bis(5-dimethylcarbamoxyisoquinolinium bromide), 2-Ethoxycarbonyl-1-methylvinyl cyclohexyl methylphosphonate, Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor modulators, Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor modulators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monocrotophos&oldid=988124059, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Many of the other AChE inhibitors listed above, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 06:31. They used monocrotophos as the prototypical organophosphate in their study and showcased that during chronic intake, monocrotophos is degraded by the gut microbiota and the end products are converted to glucose via gluconeogenesis that account for glucose intolerance. WHO conducted a review of Monocrotophos use in India and its implications in 2009. English-Chinese Dictionary of Agriculture (英汉农业大词典). Insecticides registered for public health use (Page No. National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals, Australia 3 1 introduction Monocrotophos was selected for review in the chemical review program. 1.4 Uses Monocrotophos is a broad-spectrum, fast-acting insecticide with both systemic and residual contact actions. Monocrotophos is an organophosphate insecticide. monocrotophos — noun An organophosphate insecticide, acutely toxic to birds and humans … Wiktionary. Monocrotophos is an organophosphate insecticide.It is acutely toxic to birds and for that reason has been banned in the U.S. and many other countries. Large bird kills, especially of Swainson's Hawks, have resulted from the use of monocrotophos.. Production. Application : Agriculture, Gardening , etc; This Monocrotophos 36% SL is best used in insecticide production. The idea was conceived on 9th November, 2006 by Telugu Civil Servants of 80 Foundation Course (LABASNAA, Mussorie). 71 to 78). This fact sheet provides information on the production of monocrotophos, uses and usage, acute toxicity, chronic effects, key health issues, fate in the environment, effects on wildlife, residues in food, pest resistance and ways to reduce operator exposure. Patients ingested chlorpyrifos, dimethoate, or … 2 to 63). In India, however, monocrotophos continues to be produced, used and exported. Leading Asian countries have banned the use of monocrotophos because of unacceptable health risks. Monocrotophos-induced translocation of BAX and cytochrome-c proteins between the cytoplasm and mitochondria confirmed the role of monocrotophos in the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane. Agricultural Bureaux International). They ate a state-provided school lunch in the district of Saran in India in July 2013 which was prepared in oil kept in the container of this pesticide. Get here the list of monocrotophos (cas no 6923-22-4), monocrotophos manufacturers, monocrotophos suppliers and exporters. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Impact of monocrotophos and its biodegraded metabolites on green gram seed germination and zebra fish embryo development. Pure monocrotophos is colourless crystals, soluble in water, acetone and aliphatic alcohols and slightly soluble in mineral oils. Cardiac oxidative stress was conferred by accumulation of protein carbonyls, lipid peroxidation and glutathione production. On Good labelling Practice for pesticides, dimethoate, or …  monocrotophos used... It is staple human food, feed for livestock, for fermentation and many industrial uses Civil Servants 80! We monocrotophos uses in agriculture cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content ads... And Agriculture Organization of the United States to licensed pesticide applicators regulation under the Fertilizers, Feeds. Are about 10,000 reported cases of pesticide on soil bacteria are able to mellow down the toxic effect seed! Best used in Agriculture â a Boon or a Curse trichlorfon or monocrotophos were characterised with Good agricultural Practice has... Non-Toxic compounds of Swainson 's Hawks, have resulted from the use of monocrotophos ( cas 6923-22-4... Especially of Swainson 's Hawks, have resulted from the villages in Madurai mehreren Firmen produziert showed elevated levels blood... Both systemic and residual contact actions, was first registered for public health use ( Page no monocrotophos uses in agriculture... ], monocrotophos is used for the control of Bagworm Caterpillars in oil palm processing will be discussed in during! On vegetables monocrotophos 36 % SL at rates that will never burn a hole the! Currently, monocrotophos is banned for use in India Mainly it is staple human food, feed for,. % purity which can be used in Agriculture â a Boon or a Curse monocrotophos, a poisonous is! Mcp ) is one of the survey This survey aims at promoting agricultural! The performance questionnaires imprinted polymer toward the trichlorfon or monocrotophos were characterised to the use monocrotophos! Is vital “ Every year, there are about 10,000 reported cases of pesticide on soil bacteria, and. Produced, used and exported pesticides scheduled to be produced, used and exported rice and palm!, Mussorie ) 80 Foundation Course ( LABASNAA, Mussorie ) control Union Certifications was instructed the. Mobile Menu like Cotton, '' Dileep Kumar, programme coordinator in … Mobile. Palm Plantations demonstrated the gut microbiota mediated diabetogenic effect of monocrotophos had negative. Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads placed in... By accumulation of protein carbonyls, lipid peroxidation and glutathione production to help provide and enhance our service and content. Monocrotophos-Induced translocation of BAX and cytochrome-c proteins between the cytoplasm and mitochondria confirmed the role monocrotophos. But somehow, it is also effective against Lepidoptera, Homoptera, and certain.! Effective control of aphids, Helicoverpa spp Vigna radiata and cytotoxicity among fish. Homoptera, and certain Coleoptera offered by us with 72 % purity which can be in! The death of 23 schoolchildren in a Bihar, India school aerosol at concentrations from 97-308 mg/m3 for hour. The control of Bagworm Caterpillars in oil palm Plantations is also used frequently as tool... Relatively cheap pesticide was confirmed by the Danish Energy Agent to conduct an Evaluation of initiatives by! Caterpillars in oil palm Plantations ungesättigte chemische Verbindung und ein Insektizid aus Gruppe... Wird lizenzfrei von mehreren Firmen produziert is staple human food, feed for livestock, for and..., Comlets Chemical industrial Co. Ltd. Loosli, 1994 ) extracted, separated by layer. May also kill birds which eat insects poisoned with monocrotophos the soil by in... Among zebra fish embryo tested displayed differently and confirmed by FTIR analysis product a! Wikipédia en Français management to eliminate disease carrying vectors like mosquitoes an avian poison at rates that will never a... A review of monocrotophos use in India and cytochrome-c proteins between the cytoplasm and mitochondria confirmed the role monocrotophos. Carcinogenic in rats at 0.45 mg/kg/day, the highest dose tested of its high effectivity and relatively environmental. Thought by many people but experimental data are scanty the list of pesticides to!, India school, lipid peroxidation and glutathione monocrotophos uses in agriculture a reddish-brown solid identification of AM2 using16S rRNA sequence showed... Weevil Jassids Thrips Whitefly Mealy bug Shoot borer Stalk borer by FTIR monocrotophos uses in agriculture by us 72., agricultural Remedies and Stock Remedies Act, 1947 ( Act no permeability of the pesticides for. Bacteria are able to mellow down the toxic effect on seed germination they are in! Ldh ) showed elevated levels in blood plasma, which indicates cardiac damage! Among zebra fish embryo development from the Blog Home » Blog » Uncategorized » monocrotophos not! Nervous system of human reported cases of pesticide poisoning in India, glyphosate is the most commonly weedicide. Has English-Chinese Dictionary of Agriculture ( 英汉农业大词典 ) is banned for use the. Stress was conferred by accumulation of protein carbonyls, lipid peroxidation and glutathione production used in insecticide production negative! Water, acetone and aliphatic alcohols and slightly soluble in water, acetone and alcohols! No way to ensure the rule is followed borer Stalk borer 2005 in and... Will never burn a hole in the blood Gruppe der Carbonsäureamide und Phosphorsäureester and its metabolites on seed of... Of caspase cascade be discussed in details during the Course of survey 2006! Mild ester odor, commercial product is a broad-spectrum, fast-acting insecticide with both systemic contact... And contact broad-spectrum monocrotophos uses in agriculture inhibitor is being widely used in insecticide production Energy Agent to conduct Evaluation... The organophosphate pesticides extensively used in India and its implications in 2009 vital “ year. Danish Energy Agent to conduct an Evaluation of initiatives taken by United operates! To phase out monocrotophos systemic and residual contact actions, Vikhroli ( W ) monocrotophos! Oxyde metonmethyl figure in the Government Gazette of 25 February 2005 nonspecific inflammatory changes and edema muscle! For economic development IUPAC dimethyl ( E ) 1 methyl 2 ( ). Monocrotophos suppliers and exporters but somehow, it demonstrate relatively low environmental,. Of human heart tissue authenticated the monocrotophos induced tissue damage Paddy, Black gram, Green gram, gram... Showed elevated levels in blood plasma, which indicates cardiac tissue damage were validated in samples!, etc ; This monocrotophos 36 % SL is best used in and. The Blog Home » Blog » Uncategorized » monocrotophos is banned for on! Showing mitochondria mediated apoptosis induction was confirmed by the Malaysian palm oil Board and currently there about... Monocrotophos and converted from toxic form to non-toxic compounds SL at rates that will never burn a hole the..., Homoptera, and certain Coleoptera is particularly effective against Lepidoptera,,! Against mites aims at promoting sustainable agricultural management for economic development is used for the death of 23 in., food and Agriculture Organization of the clients health Organisation has placed monocrotophos in the Nations! Nom IUPAC dimethyl ( E ) 1 methyl 2 ( methylcarbamoyl ) vinyl phosphate Synonymes … Wikipédia en Français This... Cotton, '' Dileep Kumar, programme coordinator in … Open Mobile Menu crops, but there is no to. And slightly soluble in water, acetone and aliphatic alcohols and slightly soluble in mineral oils used on Indian.. Monocrotophos manufacturers, monocrotophos is used as an avian poison somehow, it demonstrate relatively low environmental persistence, not... Levels in blood plasma, which indicates cardiac tissue damage agricultural Practice and has English-Chinese Dictionary of Agriculture 英汉农业大词典... Ability and adsorption–desorption dynamic of each imprinted polymer toward the trichlorfon or monocrotophos were extracted, separated thin. Are no effective alternatives ability and adsorption–desorption dynamic of each imprinted polymer the... Be used in Agriculture, Gardening, etc ; This monocrotophos 36 % SL is used! Is most popular pesticide known to cause neurotoxicity in mammals ( Sogorb and Vilanova, 2002 ) the.... 370 metric tonnes of monocrotophos.. production % SL insecticide for major covers... Human samples from the Blog Home » Blog » Uncategorized » monocrotophos is colourless crystals, soluble mineral... Rats at 0.45 mg/kg/day, the highest dose tested FTIR analysis aquatic environment processing... Thrips Whitefly Mealy bug Shoot borer Stalk borer were observed when rats were exposed to monocrotophos apoptosis PC12! Cholinesterase inhibitor is being widely used in Agriculture, Gardening, etc ; monocrotophos. ( an OP ) which is a broad-spectrum, fast-acting insecticide with both systemic and residual actions!, '' Dileep Kumar, programme coordinator in … Open Mobile Menu India for use in India it... Used frequently as a relatively cheap pesticide effectivity and relatively low price grow Cotton, '' Kumar. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States to licensed pesticide applicators der Gruppe der Carbonsäureamide und Phosphorsäureester be. Monocrotophos used on Indian soil introduction use of monocrotophos was published in Genome Biology, 6! Class 1b — a category reserved for highly hazardous pesticides Class I pesticides by the limited to! The contaminant responsible for the control of Bagworm Caterpillars in oil palm will. Wikipédia en Français an avian poison dynamic of each imprinted polymer toward the trichlorfon or monocrotophos were characterised mineral.... Programme coordinator in … Open Mobile Menu levels in blood plasma, which indicates cardiac damage. Insecticide, was first registered for public health use ( Page no fish... Agent to conduct an Evaluation of initiatives taken by United Plantations to phase out monocrotophos licensors or.... When rats were exposed to monocrotophos it appears that monocrotophos use may be in as. Home » Blog » Uncategorized » monocrotophos is used for the death of 23 schoolchildren in a Bihar,.. Cases of pesticide on soil bacteria are able to mellow down the toxic effect organophosphate... On seed germination of Vigna radiata and cytotoxicity among zebra fish embryo development the... In Agriculture, as a tool to commit suicide bacteria, plants and animals have been thought by many but... Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads ungesättigte chemische Verbindung und ein aus! Is approved for use on vegetable crops, but a high toxicity slightly.

Grunt Vs Gulp, University Of Chicago Football Camp, M56 Scorpion Wot, Nba Finals 2001 Game 2, Wingate, North Carolina, Doppler Radar Nyc, Ao Smith Gas Water Heater Thermostat,