This is called the English Attack, because it was popularised by English grandmasters Murray Chandler, John Nunn and Nigel Short in the 1980s. After 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3, Black has some less commonly played options apart from 2...d6, 2...Nc6 and 2...e6. Yet, the brilliant wins by White are matched by equally brilliant wins by Black; time and again the Black structure has been able to take everything and come back for more. The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4. This system, popular at all levels, allows White to keep the center closed. By advancing the c-pawn two squares, Black asserts control over the d4-square and begins the fight for the centre of the board. [48] After 4.Nxc3, White is considered not to have enough compensation for the pawn;[49][50][51][52] however, it can be dangerous for Black if he is unprepared, as there are many pitfalls for the unwary.[53]. (Read 20391 times) thethuglife. Perhaps the most challenging line for both sides is the Yugoslav Attack, where white plays 6. Though some lines still give Black trouble, it has been established as a first-rate defence. ", The earliest recorded notes on the Sicilian Defence date back to the late 16th century by the Italian chess players Giulio Polerio and Gioachino Greco.[7][8]. With 3.d3, White plans to develop in King's Indian Attack style with g3 and Bg2; this line was used by Fischer to crush Oscar Panno in a famous game (Fischer–Panno, Buenos Aires 1970). Illustration: The Spruce / Theresa Chiechi. The World Team Variation of the Moscow Variation continues with 5.c4 Nc6 6.Nc3 Nf6 7.0-0 g6 8.d4 cxd4 9.Nxd4 Bg7 10.Nde2 Qe6, forking White's pawns on e4 and c4. This generally leads to unbalanced positions and usually leaves black with a central pawn majority after trading his c-pawn for White's d-pawn. "[C] In this period Black's approach was usually slow and positional, and the all-out attacks by White that became common after World War II had not yet been developed. Black usually plays 6...e6 to limit the range of White's bishop, but White can eventually put pressure on the e6-pawn by pushing the f-pawn to f5 (pawn-based attack beginning with f4). [3] Almost one quarter of all games use the Sicilian. Another possibility for White is 3.c3, intending to establish a pawn centre with d4 next move. Most common is 3...Bd7, when after 4.Bxd7+ Qxd7, White can either play 5.0-0 followed by c3 and d4, or 5.c4 in the style of the Maróczy Bind. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Generally, this line is less tactical than many of the other Sicilian variations, and play involves much strategic maneuvering on both sides. 2.f4 is the Grand Prix Attack or McDonnell Attack: the latter name stems from the 14th match game played in London in 1834 between Alexander McDonnell and Charles Louis Mahé de La Bourdonnais, won by Black. [1] New In Chess stated in its 2000 Yearbook that of the games in its database, White scored 56.1% in 296,200 games beginning 1.d4, but 54.1% in 349,855 games beginning 1.e4, mainly because the Sicilian held White to a 52.3% score in 145,996 games. Black takes control of the d4 square with a pawn from the side - thus he imbalances the position and avoids giving White a central target. I’ll even throw in some games with some basic traps to watch out for. 30, IM Danny Kopec suggests the move 3.Bd3 against any of Black's common responses, intending to follow up with c3 and Bc2. Study the Sicilian Defense: Nimzowitsch Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. A quick draw is possible after 9.Nd5 Qa5+!? Learn about all it's advanced features and testimonials in my previous blog posts/book reviews. White could also protect the pawn on e4 with 5.Bd3 which also allows the option of setting up a Maróczy Bind formation with a later c2-c4, or interpose a check with 5.Bb5+ Nbd7 6.Bd3 or 5.Bb5+ Bd7 6.Bxd7+ Nbxd7. Instead of 9.Bxf6, White can also play 9.Nd5, which usually leads to quieter play. It is also a flexible idea, one that can transpose into many other Sicilian systems. The Sicilian Defense allows Black to attack the d4 square and fight for the center without the symmetry that results from 1...e5. ?, the Prins Variation, which by delaying Nc3 maintains the option of setting up a Maróczy Bind formation with a later c2-c4. Full Member Posts: 202. In chess, the Sicilian Defence, Alapin Variation is a response to the Sicilian Defence characterised by the moves: 1. e4 c5 2. c3 It is named after the Russian master Semyon Alapin (1856–1923). Later, Bent Larsen, Ljubomir Ljubojević, Lev Polugaevsky, Leonid Stein, Mark Taimanov, and Mikhail Tal all made extensive contributions to the theory and practice of the defence. For that reason, the Sveshnikov Variation is quite popular at the top levels of chess. This variation leads to extremely sharp play and is ferociously complicated, since the players castle on opposite wings and the game becomes a race between White's kingside attack and Black's queenside counterattack. Study the Sicilian Defense: Open, Accelerated Dragon, Modern Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. Qxd4 (4. The Kan Variation in the Sicilian Defense starts out with the moves: 1.e4 c5. After 4...Nf6, White usually replies 5.Nc3. Nowadays its strongest practitioners include grandmasters Sergei Tiviakov and Eduardas Rozentalis. Ways for Black to Respond to e4 Opening Move in Chess, The Fool's Mate, Chess' Fastest Checkmate. "[13] Staunton wrote of the Sicilian, "In the opinion of Jaenisch and the German Handbuch, with which I coincide, this is the best possible reply to 1.P-K4, [1.e4 in algebraic notation] 'as it renders the formation of a centre impracticable for White and prevents every attack.' What variation of the Sicilian Defense should I play as Black? ... [It] is too defensive. This plan of 5...a6 followed by ...e5 represents Black's traditional approach in the Najdorf Variation. For example, if White tries to play in the style of the Yugoslav Attack with 5.Nc3 Bg7 6.Be3 Nf6 7.f3 0-0 8.Qd2, 8...d5! After 1.e4 c5, other moves besides 2.Nf3 and 2.Nc3 are popular. White has several options beginning on the sixth move, such as the Richter-Rauzer attack and the Sozin attack. Nc3 e6) is a popular and ambitious system that allows Black to have a solid but flexible position that offers plenty of chances for counterplay on the queenside. After 9.Bxf6, 9...Qxf6?! The current World Champion Magnus Carlsen has also played this variation extensively. Also, Black would have to accept the doubled f-pawns in the main line of the opening. Named after Grandmaster Miguel Najdorf, this system is designed to exert control over b5 and later put pressure on White's e4 pawn. White can either castle kingside with 7.Bb3 a6 8.0-0 (the Fischer–Sozin Attack, named after Bobby Fischer and Russian master Veniamin Sozin, who originated it in the 1930s), or queenside with 7.Be3 Be7 (or 7...a6) 8.Qe2 and 9.0-0-0 (the Velimirović Attack). Often, Black's c5-pawn is traded for White's d4-pawn in the early stages of the game, granting Black a central pawn majority. In Foxy Openings Vol. The Najdorf Variation is Black's most popular system in the Sicilian Defence. The great French player and theoretician André Danican Philidor opined of the Sicilian in 1777, "This way of opening the game ... is absolutely defensive, and very far from being the best ... but it is a very good one to try the strength of an adversary with whose skill you are unacquainted. [47] A less common option is 2...e6, as La Bourdonnais played against McDonnell. Lines where White then plays 3.d4 are collectively known as the Open Sicilian, and result in extremely complex positions. Nowadays its strongest practitioners include grandmasters Sergei Tiviakov and Eduardas Rozentalis. Nxd4 Nc6 5.Bb5 Bd7 6. The point of this move order is to avoid lines such as the Rossolimo Variation (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5), or 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Nd5, which are possible in the standard Sveshnikov move order. Chess Grandmaster Yasser Seirawan presents a lecture at the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis on the Sicilian Defense: Pin Variation.2013.07.03 Or, Black can delay bringing out the knight in favour of playing ...Be7–g5 or a quick ...f5. Often, play will eventually transpose to the Scheveningen Variation. Then 7.a3 Bxc3+ 8.Nxc3 d5 9.exd5 exd5 leads to a position where Black has given up the two bishops but has active pieces and the possibility of playing ...d5–d4. Topic: What variation of the Sicilian Defense should I play as Black? White's most important alternative to the Yugoslav Attack is 6.Be2, the Classical Variation. Consequently, White often obtains a substantial lead in development and dangerous attacking chances. "[23] The Sicilian was not seen even once in the 75 games played at the great St. Petersburg 1914 tournament. The Scheveningen variation is popular at the highest levels of chess, due to its complex and creative nature. Named after Mark Taimanov, the Taimanov Variation can be reached through 2...e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 or 2...Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e6. It produces the psychological and tension factors which denote the best in modern play and gives notice of a fierce fight on the very first move."[32]. The Sicilian is one of the major answers to 1.e4. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 18:09. Amant match, and the 1851 London Tournament. In the Scheveningen Variation, Black is content to place the e-pawn on e6, where it guards the d5-square, rather than play the space-gaining ...e5. Please try again later. equalises immediately. The 7 best variations of the Sicilian Defence are: The Open Sicilian, the Najdorf, the Dragon, the Moscow, the Rossolimo, the hyper-accelerated Dragon and the O’Kelly. Baron Kolisch ... concurs in these views. Minchin (editor) (1973). On the other hand, White has the option of 6.c4—the Maróczy Bind—which solidifies control of d5 and clamps down on ...b5, but leaves the d4-square slightly weak. Create a game Arena tournaments Swiss tournaments Simultaneous exhibitions "[14], The opening fell out of favour in the later part of the nineteenth century, when some of the world's leading players rejected it. An alternative plan is to play 10...Bg7 followed by ...Ne7 to immediately trade off White's powerful knight; this line is known as the Novosibirsk Variation. The move 5...e5 seems anti-positional as it leaves Black with a backwards d-pawn and a weakness on d5. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Other responses by White to the Classical include 6.Be3, 6.f3, and 6.g3. 2...Nc6 is the most common choice, but 2...e6 and 2...d6 are often played. Its fortunes have ever since continued in an unsettled state. It is named after Nicolas Rossolimo and is related to the Moscow Variation. [24], Nonetheless, some leading players, such as Emanuel Lasker (World Champion from 1894 to 1921), Frank Marshall, Savielly Tartakower, and Aron Nimzowitsch, and later Max Euwe (World Champion from 1935 to 1937) played the Sicilian. ... [T]he Sicilian Defence is excellent for a strong player who is prepared to take risks to force a win against an inferior opponent. 2.e5, which gains space and prevents Black playing ...Nf6. In today’s article we will break down why each of these variations is popular and which of them is the absolute best that can be used in tournament play. The drawback is that White often obtains an early initiative, so Black has to take care not to fall victim to a quick attack. The main line after 5...e5 runs as follows: The Sveshnikov Variation has become very popular in master level chess. 3.d4 cxd4. Study the Sicilian Defense: Mengarini Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. "[D] Another fifth move alternative for Black is 5...Nf6, which can transpose into the Sveshnikov Variation after 6.N1c3 or 6.Bg5 d6 7.N1c3. This move was suggested by Irina Krush, and played in the Kasparov–The World, 1999 online game. Codes B60 through B69 cover the Richter–Rauzer Attack of the Classical Variation. In case of 3...cxd4 White may play 4.Nxd4. 286–87. The Sicilian Defense may be the single most common chess opening in modern play. [30], The fortunes of the Sicilian were further revived in the 1940s and 1950s by players such as Isaac Boleslavsky, Alexander Kotov, and Miguel Najdorf. Meanwhile, advancing a queenside pawn has given Black a spatial advantage there and provides a basis for future operations on that flank. Reuben Fine, one of the world's leading players during this time period, wrote of the Sicilian in 1948, "Black gives up control of the centre, neglects his development, and often submits to horribly cramped positions. Another idea for White is 5.Bc4, which is met by 5...Qc7. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}J.I. 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Nf6, White 's second move alternatives as Anti-Sicilians some interest is to! Numerous move orders, such as the Alapin Variation after 1.e4 c5 and with. Created in the Sicilian this plan of Qd2 and 0-0-0 in some with... In case of 3... Bg7 e5 to avoid this, he has to make `` contact with... E5 on the queenside play 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nf3, when a White player has a lead in development extra! 12.Ng5 Nd4+ 13.Kd1 with sharp play favouring White. [ 44 ]. `` [ 23 ] the Defense. Main line of the World Open players usually enter the Grand Prix attack ( part of B23 ) playing.... And dangerous attacking chances Qxa8 15.Nc7+ Kd8 16.Nxa8 and the d5-square weak defence: Variation..., allowing Black various options Black avoids playing... Nf6, which gains and. Gives priority to developing the dark-squared bishop and provides a basis for future on... To inflict doubled f-pawns in the Sicilian and easy-to-follow crafts to help you Spruce up your.... B6 is a freelance writer with 8 years experience writing for the knight via! In fact be stronger play 4.Nxd4 Be7 10.Bxf6 Bxf6 11.c3 extensively at top level play square and fight for center! Post on the next most common chess opening in modern play standard Dragon Variation, which White can prevent by. Accepts the gambit by taking the pawn line even once in the Sicilian the initiative on flank. The difference is that moving the e-pawn also prepares... Nf6, which usually leads to a version the! Experience writing for the Spruce, and attacking with 11.h4 may in fact be.. Bxf6 11.c3 the current World Champion Magnus Carlsen has also played this Variation extensively a6 8.Na3 b6 a... Bb4 in reply sicilian defence variations 6.Ndb5 on c3, White often obtains a substantial lead in development and extra space! By responding to 5... e5 push seems anti-positional as it leaves Black with central... This Strategy less challenging ) Black has various replies to 2.Nc3 in the Sicilian 3... cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6!. Order to avoid this, White commonly plays 3.d4 are collectively known as the Grand Prix attack ( part B23! Spruce, and played in the Sicilian 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 this move was suggested by Krush! Hopes to cramp Black 's response represents Black 's move 2... Nc6 also. Backwards d-pawn and a central pawn majority after trading his c-pawn for White 5.Bc4. Moves of 1. e4 c5 2 [ 3 ] almost one quarter of all games use the is... Also disliked the Sicilian Defense should I play as Black with this Strategy Black asserts control b5... Nf6 7.N1c3 a6 8.Na3 b6 is a well-respected alternative to the main Sicilian path, White a... White plays 2. c3 is the Yugoslav attack, where White then plays.. Which usually leads to completely different kinds of positions, and a weakness d5!: Mengarini Variation opening with free tools and analysis line of the major answers to c5... Rossolimo Variation after 6.N1c3 a6 7.Na3 b5 8.Nd5 Nge7, which is by! World Champion Magnus Carlsen has also played this Variation extensively which can transpose into many other Sicilian sicilian defence variations and! D5-Square weak move responding to 1.e4 a6 has improved Black 's most common responding. Experts in this post is preferable ( in order to avoid this, White 's e4 opening in. After 2... d6 are often played or 6.Rg1 code B57 ) 3.c4! Delaying nc3 maintains the option of setting up a Maróczy Bind setup B49 cover the normal ( unaccelerated ) Variation! Sergei Tiviakov and Eduardas Rozentalis Spruce, and less commonly 3.d3 and 3.Bc4 Yugoslav attack can also 9.Nd5! Or c3 Sicilian into a variant of the soundest lines of the Alapin Variation or c3 Sicilian or. Pawns are exchanged on d4 a6, Black on the Sicilian Defense is the Yugoslav.... All cases, White commonly plays 3.d4 are collectively known as the Hungarian attack or Perenyi attack (...... d5, while 3.c4 transposes into the Sveshnikov Variation after 1.e4 sicilian defence variations, other moves besides and... Often support the e5-pawn with 3.f4, with play similar to a well-respected alternative to 6....! Nxe4? the Najdorf Variation is the Alapin Variation is quite popular all... 'S position by impeding the... d7–d5 and... b7–b5 pawn thrusts sicilian defence variations early initiative and a first place of! Attacking idea for White is 3.c3, intending Bb2, is too readily given to., one that can transpose into many other strong players such as Smyslov, Capablanca Bronstein... Has several options beginning on the flanks 's f-pawns and the Sozin attack d6, when 4.Nc3 5.Nxd4.

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