The Gardens of Versailles are the most famous in France. The construction of Shönbrunn began in 1696. The original park design, realized by André Le Nôtre, a few advisers, and Louis XIV himself—author of The Way to Present the Gardens of Versailles—remains largely intact. 456-487. Charles Le Brun, First Painter of the King, produced the drawings for many statues and fountains. People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. View of Versailles Palace. From Paris to Versailles, take the train at Gare Saint-Lazare to Versailles Rive Droite station or at Montparnasse to Versailles Chantier station (Count half an hour from Paris plus twenty minutes walk). Gardens, Fountains and Sculptures. The royal chapel, designed by Jules Hardouin-Mansart, was consecrated in 1710. That’s why in 1661 commissioned André Le Nôtre to design the layout of the gardens and decoration. Article by Slate Magazine. It will be the last achievement during the lifetime of Louis XIV. How's this for a plot? The extensive baroque formal gardens at the Palace of Versailles, designed by André Le Nôtre for the Sun King Louis XIV, features over 50 grand water fountains. The works took forty years to complete. Last admission: 6.00pm. André Le Nôtre was the most famous landscape designer of the time, creator of the French-style garden’s typology. The colors in this print were drawn from the opulent jewel tones inside the Palace at Versailles. Versailles Palace interactive map. The Versailles Gardens are one of the jewels of Versailles. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, The earliest literary descriptions of the gardens of Versailles, /doi/pdf/10.1080/14601176.2008.10404732?needAccess=true, Studies in the History of Gardens & Designed Landscapes. Introduction. Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Superintendent of the King’s Buildings, directed the project from 1664 to 1683. Exactly how do you create a new grove and insert it into such a classic of French landscape design? Work on the gardens was started at the same time as the work on the palace and lasted for 40 or so years. Built on the order of Louis XIV in 1661and designed by the famous landscape designer André Le Nôtre, the gardens were considered just as important as the palace and took over 40 years to complete. The representation of Versailles in 1668 by Pierre Patel, with the newly designed gardens by Le Notre and the older Louis XIII castle, helps us understand the work ordered by Sun King and accomplished in forty nine years, from 1661 until 1710, to build Versailles. The masterpiece of landscape architect André Le Nôtre, the stunning gardens of Versailles offer scenic walks through groves, around formal parterres, and past spectacular fountains. Between 1668 and 1689, Architects Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin Mansard, his successor, substantially enlarged and embellished the Palace of Versailles. The groves of Versailles created by André Le Nôtre, gardener and architect to the King, saw many Court entertainments and have often been modified over the years. Read article on a day in the life of Louis XIV. The laying out of the gardens required enormous work. Paris history. Buy Versailles ticket. It is resplendent as the prime example of the French Baroque style, but it is not a friendly place. He commissioned Versailles Palace and moved his court from Paris to Versailles in 1682. Designed by architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart and decorated by painter Charles le Brun, the Hall of Mirrors was built between 1678 and 1684. For King Louis XIV, the Gardens of Versailles were as important as the Royal Palace. Spread with statues and fountains, the gardens were the setting of splendid royal parties until the 1789 revolution. The Versailles Gardens are one of the jewels of Versailles. The gardens took 40 years to complete and the King reviewed and approved every detail. King Louis XVI, Queen Marie-Antoinette and the entire court abruptly left Versailles on October 6th 1789 at the outset of the French Revolution (read details). Stride down the Royal Walk, gaze out across the Great Lawn, stroll around the Orangerie, and admire Marie Antoinette’s Grand Trianon and Petit Trianon palaces. In bringing this space to life existing Bosquets and Parterres were enhanced and new ones were designed and built. In the middle period (1661-85), Louis reigned personally and innovatively, but the very last years of his personal rule (1685-1715) were beset by wars, cold winters and famine. Among the wigs is the blatan… Orangerie Gardens at Versailles. Photo: Getty Images/Jose Fuste Raga. One of the largest gardens ever made the gardens of the Palace of Versailles are laid out on an enormous scale. The early part of his reign (1643-61), while Louis was young, was dominated by the chief minister Cardinal Mazarin. Before le Notre took on Versailles, he was commissioned to work with architect Louis le Vau and painter Charles le Brun on the French finance minister Nicholas Fouquet's new Chateaux de Vaux-le-Vicomte. It was after a trip to France that the Russian Tsar Pierre Le Grand decided in 1723 to build a palace inspired by that of Versailles. They were designed between 1661 and 1670 by Le Nôtre, the gardener of King Louis XIV, Sun King. This custom designed print was inspired by the maps of the gardens of Versailles. The gardens are a superb example of French-Style formal gardens. These were followed by the ‘Explication’ of Claude Denis, written about 1675. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. In 1685, 36 000 people and 6 000 horses were working on the construction of the 500 meters long Palace. The gardens are open every day from 8.00am to 8.30pm Last admission: 7.00pm save exceptional weather (snow, violent winds...). We use cookies to improve your website experience. Gardener André Le Notre laid out the French style park starting in 1661. The King lived so long for the time that he was succeeded by his great grandson Louis XV. His successors, Louis XV and Louis XVI, lived in Versailles until 1789 when the revolution put an end to the royal history of the palace. 3-4, pp. Fountains, vases and statues adorned these little parks within the woods, where the kings would often go for walks. • Versailles was designed as a palatial centre of government for an absolute monarch, Louis XIV. Charles Le Brun designed the paintings on the walls and ceilings and many of the park sculptures. 1. It was also used on rare occasions for balls or games held for royal weddings or diplomatic receptions. Each fountain was designed and sculpted based on themes from Greco-Roman mythology. These spectacular gardens are truly fit for a king, and, not … “Your majesty, I’ve stink in my linen,” he tells Louis XIV (Alan Rickman). All French gardens have a little Versailles in them. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. The formal gardens of the park were designed in 1695 by a student of Le Nôtre, Jean Tréhet. The King had a special taste for the arts and detected the best artists of his time. In real life, Le Nôtre began work at Versailles in 1661; he was pushing 70 by 1682, twice Schoenaerts’s age in the movie. Jun 4, 2015 - Amazing flora is an important draw for some garden visitors, but for many others, the design of the space is the main attraction. André Le Nôtre , originally rendered as André Le Nostre, was a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. Sun King commissioned the Grand Trianon in 1687 for his mistress, Madame de Montespan. 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